The Bobath Concept
The following is taken from the article The Bobath Concept in Contemporary Clinical Practice.
Background: Future development in neurorehabilitation depends upon bringing together the endeavors of basic science and clinical practice. The Bobath concept is widely utilized in rehabilitation following stroke and other neurological conditions. This concept was ﬁrst developed in the 1950s, based on the neuroscience knowledge of those times.
Purpose: The theoretical basis of the Bobath concept is redeﬁned based on contemporary neuroscience and rehabilitation science. The framework utilized in the Bobath concept for the analysis of movement and movement dysfunction is described. This framework focuses on postural control for task performance, the ability to move selectively, the ability to produce coordinated sequences of movement and vary movement patterns to ﬁt a task, and the role of sensory input in motor behaviour and learning. The article describes aspects of clinical practice that differentiate this approach from other models of practice. Contemporary practice in the Bobath concept utilizes a problem-solving approach to the individual’s clinical presentation and personal goals. Treatment is focused toward remediation, where possible, and guiding the individual towards efﬁcient movement strategies for task performance. The aim of this article is to provide a theoretical framework on which future research into the Bobath concept can be based.
Read the full article: Vaughan-Graham 2009